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     -ck
    use -ck to spell the (k) sound
    after 1 short vowel 
    at the end of a 1 syllable word
     
    rack, click, sack, back
    ff, ss, zz, ll
    In a one syllable word
    double the final f, s, z and l
    after a single vowel.
     
     
     staff, tell, miss, buzz, roll
     
     -dge
    use -dge to spell the (j) sound
    after 1 short vowel
    at the end of a 1 syllable word
     
    judge, bridge, dodge 
    Closed Syllable
    has 1 vowel (a, e, i, o, u)
    Followed by one consonant 
    vowel is short
    cat, beg, dig, hot, mug 
     -tch
    use -tch to spell the (ch) sound
    after 1 short vowel
    at the end of a 1 syllable word
     
    patch, itch, batch, ditch, notch 
     
    Opened Syllable
    Ends in one vowelThe vowel is usually long
    It says its name 
     
    me, hi, go